BENSAUDE


BENSAUDE
BENSAUDE, Moroccan-Portuguese family. ABRAHAM BENSAUDE (1790–1868) left Morocco after the creation of a mellah in his hometown of Rabat in 1807. In 1819, he settled in São Miguel, in the Azores and founded the first Jewish community on the island. He was joined by his brother ELIAS and his cousin SOLOMON, who established the firm of Bensaude and Company. Under the direction of the latter's son, ABRAHAM, this became one of the most important enterprises in Portugal, with its head office in Lisbon. By the mid-19th century the Bensaude family had established a network of commercial relations between branches in Mogador, Gibraltar, Hamburg, London, Manchester, and Lisbon. The family of the first Abraham Bensaude contributed to the economic development of San Miguel for over a century. His son JOSÉ (1835–1922) established the tobacco industry and promoted the culture of pineapples, tea, and flax. José's son JOAQUIM (1859–1952) was a distinguished Portuguese historian, noted for his research into the history of Portuguese scientific navigation, L'astronomie nautique au Portugal à l'époque des grandes découvertes (Berne, 1912). He disproved Alexander von Humboldt's thesis concerning the German origin of scientific navigation in Portugal. In particular, he pointed out the important part played by Jewish astronomers and astrologers in the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, from which scientific navigation in Portugal originated. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Bensaude, Vida de José Bensaude (1936); Miège, Maroc, 2 (1961), 96, 574. (John Alfred Nathan)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • José Bensaude — (* 4. März 1835 Marokko; † 20. Oktober 1922 Ponta Delgada), Sohn von Abrahao (Abraham) Bensaude und Ester Amiel Bensaude, war ein portugiesischer Unternehmer, der aus einer alten marokkanisch jüdischen Familie stammte. Sein Vater war 1818 auf die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurizio Bensaude — Maurício (Moisés) Bensaúde (also known professionally as Maurizio Bensaude) (13 February 1863, Ponta Delgada 22 December 1912, Lisbon), was a Portuguese operatic baritone. He arrived in Lisbon in 1884, where he received vocal training for a short …   Wikipedia

  • Alfredo Bensaude — (* 4. März 1856 in Ponta Delgada; † 1. Januar 1941 Ebenda) war ein portugiesischer Mineraloge und Hochschullehrer. Er war Gründer und erster Direktor des Instituto Superior Técnico in Lissabon. Leben Bensaude war der älteste Sohn des aus einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raoul Bensaude — (1866 October 25, 1938) was a French physician who practiced medicine in Paris. He is known for his work with Emile Charles Achard (1860 1944) involving the description of paratyphoid fever and isolation of the bacillus, Salmonella paratyphi B .… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent — est une philosophe et historienne française. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Carrière 3 Thèmes de recherche 4 Distinctions scientifiques …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Launois-Bensaude syndrome — A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although its exact mode of inheritance is uncertain; it may be a… …   Medical dictionary


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